International Geosphere Biosphere Programme (IGBP)

IGBPGLOBEC is one of the core projects of The International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme (IGBP), an interdisciplinary scientific activity established and sponsored by the International Council for Science (ICSU). GLOBEC became part of IGBP in 1995.

The IGBP programme is focused on acquiring basic scientific knowledge about the interactive processes of biology and chemistry of the earth as they relate to Global Change. The goal of the programme is:

To describe and understand the interactive physical, chemical and biological processes that regulate the total Earth system, the unique environment that it provides for life, the changes that are occurring in this system, and the manner in which they are influenced by human actions

The programme provides an international, inter-disciplinary framework for the conduct of global change science, a means for co-ordinating activities in various scientific disciplines and for fostering the integration of results towards the development of a holistic picture of global processes and how change affects them. The IGBP takes neither a political nor a policy stance on issues relating to global change, but aims to provide the best possible scientific information for input to the policy process.

IGBP structureIGBP is now in its second decade of research, continuing to focus on global biogeochemistry. To meet the challenges of a more integrated Earth System science, IGBP has adopted a new structure of eight projects in total. Six projects are centred on the three major Earth System compartments - ocean, land and atmosphere - and the interfaces between them. Two projects - PAGES and AIMES - focus on a whole system perspective, from the past into the future. In general, there is a focus on interaction between and integration across the IGBP projects.

GLOBEC is one of the projects focussing on the ocean compartment and in collaboration with the new project, IMBER, will undertake new research on ocean biogeochemistry and ecosystems.