Tadokoro, K. 2001. Long-term variations of plankton biomass in the North Pacific. PICES Scientific Report 18: 132-136.

Tadokoro, K., S. Chiba, T. Ono, T. Midorikawa and T. Saino. 2005. Interannual variations in Neocalanus biomass in the Oyashio waters of the western North Pacific. Fisheries Oceanography 14(3): 210-222.

Takagi, K., A. Yatsu, M. Moku and C. Sassa. 2006. Age and growth of lanternfishes, Symbolophorus californiensis and Ceratoscopelus warmingii (Myctophidae), in the Kuroshio-Oyashio Transition Zone. Ichthyological Research 53(3): 281-289.

Takahashi, A., M. Kuroki, Y. Nizuma, A. Kato, S. Saitoh and Y. Watanuki. 2001. Importance of the Japanese anchovy (Engraulis japonicus) to breeding rhinoceros auklets (Cerorhica monocerata) on Teuri Island, Sea of Japan. Marine Biology 139: 361-371.

Takahashi, K., T. Oba, H. Yamazaki and N. Ohkouchi. 1995. Paleoceanographic changes based on radiolarian fossils during the past 80 ky in the western tropical Pacific [in Japanese with English figures and table captions]. Kaiyo Monthly 27(8): 466-473.

Takahashi, K. 1995. Opal particle flux in the subarctic Pacific and Bering Sea and sidocoenosis preservation hypothesis. In: Tsunogai, S., K. Iseki, I. Koike and T. Oba (Eds.). Global fluxes of carbon and its related substances in the coastal sea-ocean-atmosphere system. Proceedings of the 1994 Sapporo IGBP symposium. Yokohama, Japan, M and J International. 458-466.

Takahashi, K., K. Hisamichi, M. Yanada and Y. Maita. 1996. Seasonal change of phytoplankton productivity: results from sediment traps [in Japanese with English figures and table captions]. Kaiyo Monthly 10.

Takahashi, K. 1996. Plankton shell fluxes and biological productivity in the subarctic regions of the Pacific Ocean. Bulletin of Plankton Society of Japan 43(2): 147-151.

Takahashi, K. 1996. Paleoceanography of the northern marginal seas of the Pacific. International workshop on the Okhotsk Sea and Arctic; physics and biogeochemistry implied to the global cycles (influence of sea ice on climate and marine ecosystems). 152-157.

Takahashi, K. 1996. Paleoceanogrphy. Proceedings of the International workshop on the Okhotsk Sea and Arctic; the physics and biogeochemistry implied to the global cycles (influence of sea ice on climate and marine ecosystems). 192-194.

Takahashi, K. 1996. Paleoenvironmental studies with long cores. Proceedings of the International Conference on Ocean Drilling in the 21st Century (OD21). Japan Marine Science and Technology Center, 55-64.

Takahashi, K. 1997. Siliceous microplankton fluxes in the eastern subarctic Pacific. Journal of Oceanography 53: 455-466.

Takahashi, K., N. Fujitani, M. Yanada and Y. Maita. 1997. Five year long particle fluxes in the central subarctic Pacific and Bering Sea. In: Tsunogai, S. (Ed.). Proceedings of an International Marine Science Symposium. Biogeochemical processes in the North Pacific. Mutsu, Japan, Japan Marine Science Foundation.

Takahashi, K. and O.R. Anderson. 1997. Superclass Radiolaria [In Japanese]. In: M. Chihara and M. Murano (Eds.). An illustrated guide to Japanese marine plankton: Tokyo, Japan, Tokai University Press.

Takahashi, K. 1997. Time-series fluxes of Radiolaria in the eastern subarctic Pacific Ocean. News of Osaka Micropaleontologists Special Volume 10: 299-309.

Takahashi, K. 1998. The Bering and Okhotsk Seas: modern and past paleoceanographic changes and gateway impact. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences 16(1).

Takahashi, K. 1999. Paleoceanographic changes and present environment of the Bering Sea. In: T.R. Loughlin and K. Ohtani (Eds.). Dynamics of the Bering Sea: Fairbanks, Alaska, University of Alaska Sea Grant.

Takahashi, K. 1999. The Okhotsk andBering Seas: critical marginal seas for the land-ocean linkage. In: Saito, Y., K. Ikehara and H. Katayama (Eds.). Proceedings of an International Workshop on Sediment Transport and Storage in Coastal Sea Ocean System. Tukuba, Japan, STA(JISTEC) and Geological Survey of Japan.

Takahashi, K. 2000. Marine sediments-global climate change-hominid evolution [in Japanese]. Chikyu Monthly 22(9).

Takahashi, K., N. Fujitani, M. Yanada and Y. Maita. 2000. Long-term biogenic particle fluxes in the central subarctic Pacific Ocean 1990-1995. Deep-Sea Research 47(9): 1723-1759.

Takahashi, K., Y. Okazaki and H. Yoshitani. 2000. Radiolarian fossils and paleoceanography: accumulation changes in the Okhotsk Sea [in Japanese]. Chikyu Monthly 22(9): 623-630.

Takahashi, K. and O.R. Anderson. 2002. Class Phaeodaria. In: J.J. Lee, G.F. Leedale and P. Bradpury (Eds.). The second illustrated guide to the Protozoa: Kansas, Society of Protozoologists.

Takahashi, K., F. Kobayashi and I. Ono. 2002. Seasonal fluxes of diatoms in the western equatorial Pacific for the 1999 La Nino conditions [in Japanese with English abstract]. Journal of the Geological Society of Japan 108(11).

Takahashi, K. 2002. Diatoms and radiolaria [in Japanese]. Chishitsu News 576.

Takahashi, K., N. Fujitani and M. Yanada. 2002. Long term monitoring of particle fluxes in the Bering Sea and the central subarctic Pacific Ocean, 1990-2000. Progress in Oceanography 55(1-2).

Takahashi, K., F. Kobayashi and H. Yamashita. 2002. Time-series fluxes of siliceous plankton as environmental proxies: assessment for the 1999 La Nino conditions [in Japanese]. Chikyu Monthly 34(5).

Takahashi, K. and M. Okada. 2003. The Bering sea environmental changes: towards high resolution Pliocene-Pleistocene paleoceanographic reconstruction [in Japanese]. Kaiyo Monthly 35: 373-380.

Takahashi, K. and H. Yamashita. 2004. Temporal and vertical flux change of radiolarians in the western and central equatorial Pacific during the 1999 La Nino conditions [in Japanese with English abstract]. Journal of the Geological Society of Japan 110(8): 463-479.

Takahashi, K., D. Matsueda and Y. Katsurada. 2004. Time-series sinking particle flux changes of siliceous microplankton assemblages during the last La Nino-El Nino conditions [in Japanese]. Global Environmental Research 9(2): 161-170.

Takahashi, K.T., S. Kawaguchi, M. Kobayashi, G.W. Hosie, M. Fukuchi and T. Toda. 2002. Zooplankton distribution patterns in relation to the Antarctic Polar Front Zones recorded by Continuous Plankton Recorder (CPR) during 1999/2000 Kaiyo Maru cruise. Polar Bioscience 15: 97-107.

Takasaki, N., L. Park, M. Kaeriyama, A. Gharrett and N. Okada. 1996. Characterization of species-specifically amplified SINEs in three salmonid species- chum salmon, pink salmon and kokanee: the local environment of the genome may be important for the generation of a dominant source gene at a newly retroposed locus. Journal of Molecular Evolution 42: 103-116.

Takasuka, A., H. Kubota and Y. Oozeki. 2008. Spawning overlap of anchovy and sardine in the western North Pacific. Marine Ecology Progress Series 366: 231-244.

Takasuka, A., Y. Oozeki, H. Kubota and S.E. Lluch-Cota. 2008. Contrasting spawning temperature optima: Why are anchovy and sardine regime shifts synchronous across the North Pacific? Progress in Oceanography 77(2-3): 225-232.

Takenaka, M., Y. Niizuma and Y. Watanuki. 2005. Resource allocation in fledglings of the Rhinoceros auklet under different feeding conditions: an experiment manipulating meal size and frequency. Canadian Journal of Zoology 83(11): 1476-1485.

Taki, K. 2004. Distribution and life history of Euphausia pacifica off northeastern Japan. Fisheries Oceanography 13(S1): 34-43.

Tameishi, H., K. Saito, Y. Nakasono, K. Takahashi, S. Itoh, S. Kimura and T. Sugimoto. 2002. Present state and future about application of satellite remote sensing for fisheries around Japan. Fisheries Science 68(Supplement II): 1775-1780.

Tan, C.K., J. Ishizaka, S. Matsumura, F.M. Yusoff and M.I.H. Ibrahim. 2006. Seasonal variability of SeaWiFS chlorophyll a in the Maraca Straits in relation to Asian monsoon. Continental Shelf Research 26(2): 168-178.

Tan, S.-H., W.-Q. Cao, Y.-S. Lin, G.-Z. Wang and S.-J. Li. 2003. Advances in the molecular systematics studies of marine planktonic crustaceans [In Chinese with English abstract]. Marine Science Bulletin 22(5): 71-76.

Tan, S.-H., Y.-S. Lin, W.-Q. Cao, G. Chen and M. Yang. 2003. Studies on population genetics of Calanus sinicus (Copepoda) in the Yellow Sea and East China Sea. i. Allozyme analysis. Journal of Xiamen University (Natural Sciences) 42(1): 87-91.

Tanaka, A., H. Sasaki and J. Ishizaka . 2006. Alternative measuring method for water-leaving radiance using a radiance sensor with a domed cover. Optics Express 14(8): 3099-3105.

Tanaka, S., K. Takahashi and Y. Okazaki. 2003. Radiolarian based reconstruction of water mass structure changes in the Bering Sea and the western subarctic Pacific during the past 300 kyrs [in Japanese]. Kaiyo Monthly 35: 401-406.

Tanaka, Y. and H. Kawahata. 2001. Seasonal occurrence of coccoliths in sediment traps from West Caroline Basin, equatorial west Pacific Ocean. Marine Micropaleontology 43: 273-284.

Tande, K.S., M. Heath, H.J. Hirche, S. Kaartvedt, S. Richardson, D. Slagstad, K. Brander, C. Reid, S. Skreslet and E. Gard. 1998. Trans-Atlantic study of Calanus finmarchicus. Third European marine science and technology conference, Lisbon 23-27 May 1998. Project synopses volume 1: marine systems. European Commission.

Tande, K.S., S. Drobysheva, V. Nesterova, E.M. Nilssen, A. Edvardsen and V. Tereschenko. 2000. A search for patterns in the variations of copepod spring and summer abundance in NE Norwegian Sea and Barents Sea in the 1980s and 1990s. ICES Journal of Marine Science 57(6): 1581-1591.

Tande, K.S. and C.B. Miller. 2000. Population dynamics of Calanus in the North Atlantic: Results from the Trans-Atlantic Study of Calanus finmarchicus: Introduction. ICES Journal of Marine Science 57(6): 1527.

Taneda, T., T. Suga and K. Hanawa. 2000. Subtropical mode water variation in the northwestern part of the North Pacific subtropical gyre. Journal of Geophysical Research 105(C8): 19591-19598.

Tang, Q. and S. Jilan 2000. Study on coastal ocean ecosystem dynamics in coastal ocean. I. Key scientific questions and development strategy. Beijing, Science Press. 252.

Tang, Q., Y. Sun, X. Guo and B. Zhang. 2002. Ecological conversion efficiencies of 8 fish species in Yellow Sea and Bohai Sea and main influence factors [In Chinese with English abstract]. Journal of Fisheries of China 26(3): 219-225.

Tang, Q., Y. Sun and B. Zhang. 2003. Bioenergetics models for seven species of marine fish [In Chinese with English abstract]. Journal of Fisheries of China 27(5): 443-449.

Tang, Q., T. Sugimoto, S. Kim and S. Yoo. 2003. Processes and dynamics in the northwestern Pacific ecosystems. Proceedings of the China-Japan-Korea joint GLOBEC symposium held on December 13-15, 2002, KORDI, Ansan, Korea. iii, 261pp.

Tang, Q., X. Jin, J. Wang, Z. Zhuang, Y. Cui and T. Meng. 2003. Decadal-scale variations of ecosystem productivity and control mechanisms in the Bohai Sea. Fisheries Oceanography 12(4/5): 223-233.

Tang, Q., X. Guo, Sun.Y. and B. Zhang. 2007. Ecological conversion efficiency and its influencers in twelve species of fish in the Yellow Sea ecosystem. Journal of Marine Systems 67(3-4): 282-291.

Tang, Q., J. Su, M.J. Kishi and I.S. Oh. 2007. An introduction to the second China-Japan-Korea joint GLOBEC symposium on the ecosystem structure, food web trophodynamics and physical-biological processes in the northwest Pacific. Journal of Marine Systems 67(3-4): 203-204.

Tang, Y., K. Iida, T. Mukai and Y. Nishimori. 2006. Estimation of fish school volume using omnidirectional multi-beam sonar: scanning modes and algorithms. Japanese Journal of Applied Physics 45(5B): 4868-4874.

Taniguchi, A. 1998. Biological oceanography: the present revisits the past. In: Marcos, S. (Ed.). Ocean Sciences Bridging the Millenia, a Spectrum of Historical Accounts.Proceedings of ICHO VI, Qingdao, China, 1998. Beijing, UNESCO and China Ocean Press. 35-43.

Taniguchi, A. 1999. Differences in the structure of the lower trophic levels of pelagic ecosystems in the eastern and western subarctic Pacific. Progress in Oceanography 43: 285-319.

Taniguchi, M., T. Kanehisa, T. Swabe, R. Christen and T. Ikeda. 2004. Molecular phylogeny of Neocalanus copepods in the subarctic Pacific Ocean, with notes on non-geographical genetic variations for Neocalanus cristatus. Journal of Plankton Research 26: 1249-1255.

Tanimoto, Y., N. Iwasaka and K. Hanawa. 1997. Relationships between sea surface temperature, the atmospheric circulation and air-sea fluxes on multiple time scales. Journal of the Meteorological Society of Japan 75(4): 831-849.

Tanimoto, Y., H. Nakamura, T. Kagimoto and S. Yamane. 2003. An active role of extratropical sea surface temperature anomalies in determining anomalous turbulent heat fluxes. Journal of Geophysical Research 108(C10): art.

Taniyama, S., T. Kitahashi, H. Ando, M. Kaeriyama, Y. Zohar, H. Ueda and A. Urano. 2000. Effects of gonadotropin-releasing hormone analog on expression of genes encoding the growth hormone/prolactin/somatolactin family and pituitary-specific transcription factor in the pituitaries of prespawning sockeye salmon. General and Comparative Endocrinology 118: 418-424.

Tappin, A.D. and P.C. Reid. 2000. The English Channel. p.65-82. In: C.R.C. Sheppard (Ed.). Seas at the millennium: An environmental evaluation. Volume I. Regional chapters: Europe, the Americas and West Africa: Pergamon.

Tatebe, H. and I. Yasuda. 2004. Oyashio southward intrusion and cross-gyre transport related to diapycnal upwelling in the Okhotsk Sea. Journal of Physical Oceanography 34(10): 2327-2341.

Tatebe, H. and I. Yasuda. 2005. Numerical experiments on the seasonal variations of the Oyashio near the east coast of Japan. Journal of Physical Oceanography 35(12): 2309-2326.

Tatebe, H. and I. Yasuda. 2005. Interdecadal variations o the coastal Oyashio from the 1970s to the early 1990s. Geophysical Research Letters 32: Art: L10613.

Taylor, A. 1996. What has the Gulf Stream got to do with it? NERC News Summer: 22-24.

Taylor, A.H. 1995. North-south shifts of the Gulf Stream and their climatic connection with the abundance of zooplankton in the UK and its surrounding seas. ICES Journal of Marine Science 52(3-4): 711-721.

Taylor, A.H. 1996. North-south shifts of the Gulf Stream: ocean-atmosphere interactions in the North Atlantic. International Journal of Climatology 16(5): 559-583.

Taylor, A.H., J.I. Allen and P.A. Clark. 2002. Extraction of a weak climatic signal by an ecosystem. Nature 416(6881): 629-632.

Taylor, A.H. 2002. North Atlantic climatic signals and the plankton of the European Continental Shelf Large marine ecosystems of the North Atlantic. Changing states and sustainability. p.3-26. In: K. Sherman and H.R. Skjoldal (Eds.). Elsevier.

Taylor, P. 2005. Spawning of small pelagic species in New Zealand waters. GLOBEC Report 22: 35-36.

Teel, D.J., D.M. Van Doornik, D.R. Kuligowski and W.S. Grant. 2003. Genetic analysis of juvenile coho salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch) off Oregon and Washington reveals few Columbia wild fish. Fishery Bulletin 101: 640-652.

Teo, S.L.H., L.W. Botsford and A. Hastings. 2009. Spatio-temporal covariability in coho salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch) survival, from California to southeast Alaska. Deep-Sea Research II 56(24): 2570-2578.

Terazaki, M. 1995. The role of carnovorous zooplankton, particularly chaetogrnaths in ocean flux. p.319-330. In: H. Sakai and Y. Nozaki (Eds.). Biogeochemical processes and ocean flux in the western Pacific: Tokyo, TERAPUB.

Terazaki, M., H. Saito, H. Kasai, T. Kono, Y. Kawasaki and S. Taguchi. 1995. Horizontal distribution and seasonal variability of the epipelagic chaetognath Sagitta elegans in relation to hydrography in the western sub-arctic Pacific Ocean. Fisheries Oceanography 4(2): 158-170.

Terazaki, M. 1996. Vertical distribution and feeding of pelagic chaetognaths and feeding of Sagitta enflata in the central Pacific equatorial water. Journal of Plankton Research 18: 673-682.

Terazaki, M. and C. Tomatsu. 1997. A vertical multiple opening closing plankton sampler. Journal of Advanced Marine Science Technology and Society 3: 1-10.

Terazaki, M. 1998. Life history, distribution, seasonal variability and feeding of pelagic chaetognath Sagitta eleganus in the subarctic Pacific: A review. Plankton Biology and Ecology 45: 1-17.

Terazaki, M. 1999. The Sea of Japan large marine ecosystem. p.199-220. In: R.K. Sherman and Q. Tang (Eds.). Large marine ecosystems of the Pacific Rim: Blackwell Science.

Terazaki, M. 1999. Mass occurrence of bathypelagic chaetognath Eukrohnia fowleri from the Arabian Sea and Bay of Bengal. Indian Journal of Marine Science 28: 163-168.

Terazaki, M. 2000. Feeding of carnivorous zooplankton, chaetognath in the Pacific. p.257-276. In: E. Tanoue and T. Hama (Eds.). Dynamics and characterization of marine organic matter: Tokyo, TERAPUB.

Terazaki, M. 2001. Ecological studies on carniverous plankton, Chaetognata. La Mer 39: 155-160.

Terazaki, M. 2004. Life history strategy of the chaetognath Sagitta elegans in the world ocean. Coastal Marine Science 29: 1-12.

Terazaki, M. 2005. Predation on anchovy larvae by pelagic chaetognatha, Sagitta nagae in the Sagami Bay, central Japan. Coastal Marine Science 29: 162-164.

Teschner, E. 2005. Ansätze zur Verbesserund der fishchereilichten Mehrartenmodellierung in der zentralen Ostsee. Universität Kiel.

Tett, P. and A. Walne. 1995. Observations and simulations of hydrography, nutrients and plankton in the southern North Sea. Ophelia 42: 371-416.

Tett, P., G.M. Kennaway, D. Boon, D.K. Mills, G.T. O'Connor, A.W. Walne and R. Wilton. 2001. Optical monitoring of phytoplankton blooms in Loch Striven, a eutrophic fjord. International Journal of Remote Sensing 22(2-3): 339-358.

Tett, P.B., I.R. Joint, D.A. Purdie, M. Baars, S. Oosterhuis, G. Daneri, F. Hannah, D.K. Mills, D. Plummer, A.J. Pomroy, A.W. Walne and H.J. Witte. 1994. Biological consequences of tidal stirring gradients in the North Sea. p.115-130. In: H. Charnock, K.R. Dyer, J.M. Huthnance, P.S. Liss, J.H. Simpson and P.B. Tett (Eds.). Understanding the North Sea system: Chapman and Hall.

Therriault, J.C., B. Petrie, P. Pepin, J. Gagnon, D. Gregory, J. Helbig, A. Herman, D. Lefaivre, M. Mitchell, B. Pelchat, J. Runge and D. Sameoto. 1998. Proposal for a northwest zonal monitoring program. Canadian Technical Report of Hydrography and Ocean Sciences 194: 1-64.

Thibault-Botha, D. and T. Bowen. 2004. Impact of formalin preservation of Pleurobrachia bachei (Ctenophora). Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 303(1): 11-17.

Thibault-Botha, D., J.R.E. Lutjeharms and M.J. Gibbons. 2004. Siphonophore assemblages along the east coast of South Africa; mesoscale distribution and temporal variations. Journal of Plankton Research 26: 1115-1128.

Thiele, D., E.T. Chester, S.E. Moore, A. Širovic, J.A. Hildebrand and A.S. Friedlaender. 2004. Seasonal variability in whale encounters in the Western Antarctic Peninsula. Deep-Sea Research II 51(17-19): 2311-2325.

Thomas, A. 1999. Seasonal distribution of satellite-measured phytoplankton pigment concentration along the Chilean coast. Journal of Geophysical Research 104C: 25877-25890.

Thomas, A. and P.T. Strub. 2001. Cross-shelf phytoplankton pigment variability in the California Current. Continental Shelf Research 21(11-12): 1157-1190.

Thomas, A., P.T. Strub, M.E. Carr and R. Weatherbee. 2004. Comparisons of chlorophyl variability between the four major global eastern boundary currents. International Journal of Remote Sensing 25: 1443-1447.

Thomas, A.C., M.E. Carr and P.T. Strub. 2001. Chlorophyll variability in eastern boundary currents. Geophysical Research Letters 28(18): 3421-3424.

Thomas, A.C., P.T. Strub and P. Brickley. 2003. Anomalous satellite-measured chlorophyll concentrations in the northern California Current in 2001-2002. Geophysical Research Letters 30(15): art:8022.

Thomas, A.C. and P. Brickley. 2006. Satellite measurements of chlorophyll distribution during spring 2005 in the California Current. Geophysical Research Letters 33: art:L22S05.

Thomas, A.C., P. Brickley and R. Weatherbee. 2009. Interannual variability in chlorophyll concentrations in the Humboldt and California Current Systems. Progress in Oceanography 83(1-4): 386-392.

Thomas, G.L. and J. Kirsch. 2000. Nekton and plankton acoustics: an overview. Fisheries Research 47: 107-113.

Thompson, R.C., Y. Olsen, R.P. Mitchell, A. Davis, S.J. Rowland, A.W.G. John, D. McGonigle and A.E. Russell. 2004. Lost at sea: where is all the plastic? Science 304(5672): 838.

Thomson, R.E. and S.E. Allen. 2000. Time series acoustic observations of macrozooplankton diel migration and associated pelagic fish abundance. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 57: 1919-1931.

Thorsen, A., E. Trippel and Y. Lambert. 2003. Experimental methods to monitor the production and quality of eggs of captive marine fish. Journal of Northwest Atlantic Fishery Science 33: 55-70.

Tian, R. and C. Chen. 2006. Influence of model geometrical fitting and turbulence parameterization on phytoplankton simulation in the Gulf of Maine. Deep-Sea Research II 53(23-24): 2808-2832.

Tian, T., H. Wei, J. Su, C.S. Chung and W.X. Sun. 2003. Study on cycle and budgets of nutrients in the Yellow Sea . [In Chinese with English abstract]. Advances in Marine Science 20(4): 1-7.

Tian, Y., T. Akamine and M. Suda. 2004. Modeling the influence of ocean-climate changes on the dynamics of Pacific saury in the northwestern Pacific using a life cycle model. Fisheries Oceanography 13(S1): 125-137.

Tian, Y.J., Kidokoro H., T. Watanabe and N. Iguchi. 2008. The late 1980s regime shift in the ecosystem of Tsushima warm current in the Japan/East Sea: Evidence from historical data and possible mechanisms. Progress in Oceanography 77(2-3): 127-145.

Tillmann, U. and H.J. Rick. 2003. North Sea phytoplankton: a review. Senckenbergiana Maritima 33(1/2): 1-69.

Tittensor, D.P., B. de Young and C.L. Tang. 2003. Modelling the distribution, sustainability and diapause emergence timing of the copepod Calanus finmarchicus in the Labrador Sea. Fisheries Oceanography 12(4/5): 299-316.

Tojo, N., G.H. Kruse and F.C. Funk. 2007. Migration dynamics of Pacific herring (Clupea pallasii) and response to spring environmental variability in the southeastern Bering Sea. Deep-Sea Research II 54(23-26): 2832-2848.

Tokieda, T., K. Yamanaka, K. Harada and S. Tsunogai. 1996. Seasonal variations of residence time and upper atmospheric contribution of aerosols studied with Pb-210, Bi-210, Po-210 and Be-7. Tellus 48(B): 690-702.

Tokieda, T., S. Watanabe and S. Tsunogai. 1996. Chlorofluorocarbons in the western North Pacific in 1993 and formation of North Pacific intermediate water. Journal of Oceanography 52: 475-490.

Tokieda, T., S. Watanabe and S. Tsunogai. 1997. The North Pacific intermediate water studied with CFC's. p.27-31. In: S. Tsunogai (Ed.). Biogeochemical Processes in the North Pacific: Tokyo, Japan Marine Science Foundation.

Tokmakian, R. 2003. Monitoring North Pacific heat content variability: an indicator of fish quantity? Earth Interactions 7: art:13.

Tomita, M., T. Ikeda and N. Shiga. 1999. Production of Oikopleura longicauda (Tunicata: Appendicularia) in Toyama Bay, southern Japan Sea. Journal of Plankton Research 21: 2421-2430.

Tomita, M., N. Shiga and T. Ikeda. 2003. Seasonal occurrence and vertical distribution of appendicularians in Toyama Bay, southern Japan Sea. Journal of Plankton Research 25: 579-589.

Tomita, T., B. Wang, T. Yasunari and H. Nakamura. 2001. Spatiotemporal structure of decadal scale variability observed in the global sea surface temperature and lower tropospheric circulation fields. Journal of Geophysical Research 106(C11): 26805-26815.

Tomiyama, M., C.-L. Lesage and T. Komatsu. 2005. Practice of sand eel fisheries management in Ise Bay toward responsible and sustainable fisheries. Global Environmental Research 9(2): 139-149.

Tomozeiu, R., V. Pavan, C. Cacciamani and M. Amici. 2006. Observed temperature changes in Emilia-Romagna: mean values and extremes. Climate Research 31(2-3): 217-225.

Tong, L. and Q. Tang. 2002. The status of small pelagic fish in Chinese waters. GLOBEC Report 15: 30-31.

Topliss, B.J. 1994. Can interannual variations in stratospheric ozone be observed in the marine environment. Journal of Climatology 14: 1115-1133.

Torero, M.G. and N.H. Almirón. 2002. An approach based on acoustic data to study the variability in distribution and abundance of small pelagics in the Humboldt ecosystem. GLOBEC Report 16: 27-30.

Torgersen, T., S. Kaartvedt, W. Melle and T. Knutsen. 1997. Large scale distribution of acoutsical scattering layers at the Norwegian continental shelf and the eastern Norwegian Sea. Sarsia 82(2): 87-96.

Torgersen, T. and G. Huse. 2005. Variability in retention of Calanus finmarchicus in the Nordic Seas. ICES Journal of Marine Science 62(7): 1301-1309.

Torres-Villegas, J.R., L. Perezgómez and G. García-Melgar. 2005. Effect of major atresia on the egg production of Pacific sardine (Sardinops caeruleus) of Bahía Magdalena in the 1999-2000 season. GLOBEC Report 22: 44-45.

Totti, C. and A. Artegani. 2001. Phytoplankton time series in the northern Adriatic Sea: the Senigallia transect (1988-1994). Archivio Di Oceanografia e Limnologia 22: 107-112.

Touratier, F., J.G. Field and C.L. Moloney. 2003. Simulated carbon and nitrogen flows of the planktonic food web during an upwelling relaxation period in St Helena Bay (southern Benguela ecosystem). Progress in Oceanography 58(1): 1-41.

Townsend, D.W. and N.R. Pettigrew. 1996. The role of frontal currents in larval fish transport on Georges Bank. Deep-Sea Research II 43(7-8): 1773-1792.

Townsend, D.W. and A.C. Thomas. 2001. Winter-spring transition of phytoplankton chlorophyll and inorganic nutrients on Georges Bank. Deep-Sea Research II 48(1-3): 199-214.

Townsend, D.W. and M. Thomas. 2002. Springtime nutrient and phytoplankton dynamics on Georges Bank. Marine Ecology Progress Series 228: 57-74.

Toyofuku, T., H. Kitazato, H. Kawahata, M. Tsuchiya and M. Nohara. 2000. Evaluation of Mg/Ca thermometry in foraminifera - comparison between experimental results and measurements in nature. Paleoceanography 15: 456-464.

Toyokawa, M. and M. Terazaki. 1997. Distribution of Aurelia aurita (Linnaeus, 1758) in Tokyo Bay; observations with echosounder and plankton net. Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Coelenterate Biology, 1995. 483-490.

Toyokawa, M., T. Furota and M. Terazaki. 2000. Life history and seasonal abundance of Aurelia aurita medusae in Tokyo Bay, Japan. Plankton Biology and Ecology 47: 48-58.

Trathan, P.N., J.L. Watkins, A.W.A. Murray, A.S. Brierley, I. Everson, C. Goss, J. Priddle, K. Reid, P. Ward, R. Hewitt, D. Demer, M. Naganobu, S. Kawaguchi, B. Sushin, S.M. Kasatkina, S. Hedley, S. Kim and D. Pauly. 2001. The CCAMLR-2000 drill synoptic survey: a description of the rationale and design. CCAMLR Science 8: 1-23.

Travers, M., Y.-J. Shin and L.J.C.P.M. Shannon. 2006. Simulating and testing the sensitivity of ecosystem-based indicators to fishing in the southern Benguela ecosystem. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 63: 943-956.

Tremblay, M.J., J.W. Loder, F.E. Werner, C.E. Naimie, F.H. Page and M.M. Sinclair. 1994. Drift of sea scallop larvae Placopecten magellanicus on Georges Bank: a model study of the roles of mean advection, larval behaviour and larval origin. Deep-Sea Research II 41(1): 7-49.

Trenkel, V.M. and M.J. Rochet. 2003. Performance of indicators derived from abundance estimates for detecting the impact of fishing on a fish community. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Science 60: 65-85.

Trenkel, V.M., J. Pinnegar, M.J. Rochet and B. Rackham. 2004. Different surveys provide similar pictures of trends in a marine fish community but not of individual fish populations. ICES Journal of Marine Science 61: 351-362.

Trenkel, V.M., R.I.C.C. Francis, P. Lorance, S. Mahévas, M.J. Rochet and D.M. Tracey. 2004. Availability of deep-water fish to trawling and visual observation from a remotely operated vehicle (ROV). Marine Ecology Progress Series 284: 293-303.

Truong-Van and P. Prouzet. 2001. Méthodes de captures successives: synthèse, quelques contributions, une application. Journal De La Société Française De Statistique 142(3): 53-87.

Tsuda, A. 1995. Fractal distribution of an oceanic copepod Neocalanus cristatus. Journal of Oceanography 51: 261-266.

Tsuda, A. and S. Kawaguchi. 1997. Microzooplankton grazing in the surface water of Antarctic Ocean during an austral summer. Polar Biology 18: 240-245.

Tsuda, A., H. Saito and T. Hirose. 1998. Effect of gut pigment on the vulnerability of copepods. Limnology and Oceanography 43: 1944-1947.

Tsuda, A. and C.B. Miller. 1998. Mate-finding behaviour in Calanus marshallae Frost. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society Series B 353(1369): 713-720.

Tsuda, A., H. Saito and H. Kasai. 1999. Life histories of Neocalanus flemingeri and Neocalanus plumchrus (Calanoida: Copepoda) in the western subarctic Pacific. Marine Biology 135: 533-544.

Tsuda, A., H. Sugisaki and S. Kimura. 2000. Mosaic horizontal distributions of three species of copepods in the subarctic Pacific during spring. Marine Biology 137: 683-689.

Tsuda, A., H. Saito and H. Kasai. 2001. Life history strategies of subarctic copepods Neocalanus flemingeri and N. plumchrus, especially on lipid accumulation patterns. Plankton Biology and Ecology 48: 52-58.

Tsuda, A., H. Saito and H. Kasai. 2001. Geographical variation of body size of Neocalanus cristatus, N.plumchrus and N. flemingeri in the subarctic Pacific and its marginal seas: Implication of the origin of large form N. flemingero in Oyashio area. Journal of Oceanography 57: 341-352.

Tsuda, A., H. Saito and H. Kasai. 2004. Life histories of Eucalanus bungii and Neocalanus cristatus (Calanoida: Copepoda) in the western subarctic Pacific. Fisheries Oceanography 13(S1): 10-20.

Tsuda, A., H. Kiyosawa, M. Mochizuki, N. Shiga, H. Saito, S. Chiba, A. Kuwata, K. Imai, J. Nishioa, T. Ono and N. Jundholm. 2005. Responses of diatoms to iron-enrichment in the western subarctic Pacific, and comparison of species composition with those of surrounding area. Progress in Oceanography 64(2-4): 189-205.

Tsukamoto, K., T. Otake, N. Mochioka, T.W. Lee, H. Fricke, T. Inagaki, J. Aoyama, S. Ishikawa, S. Kimura, M.J. Miller, H. Hasumoto, M. Oya and Y. Suzuki. 2003. Seamounts, new moon and eel spawning: the search for the spawning site of the Japanese eel. Environmental Biology of Fishes 66: 221-229.

Tsunogai, S., S. Watanabe, M. Honda and T. Aramaki. 1995. North Pacific intermediate water studied chiefly with radiocarbon. Journal of Oceanography 51: 519-536.

Tsunogai, S. 1995. North Pacific and Antarctic intermediate water as a sink for anthropogenic carbon dioxide. p.412-417. In: S. Tsunogai, K. Iseki, I. Koike and T. Oba (Eds.). Global fluxes of carbon and its related substances in the coastal sea-ocean-atmosphere system: Yokohama, M and J International.

Tsunogai, S., N. Uzuka, S. Murata and S. Watanabe. 1997. Seasonal variation and an episodic high concentration of DMS in Hakodate Bay. p.136-142. In: S. Tsunogai (Ed.). Biogeochemical processes in the North Pacific: Tokyo, Japan Marine Science Foundation.

Tsunogai, S. 1997. Why is the North Pacific absorbing so much anthropogenic CO2? p.1-11. In: S. Tsunogai (Ed.). Biogeochemical Processes in the North Pacific: Tokyo, Japan Marine Science Foundation.

Tsunogai, S., S. Watanabe, J. Nakamura, T. Ono and T. Sato. 1997. A preliminary study of carbon system in the East China Sea. Journal of Oceanography 53: 9-17.

Tsunogai, S. and S. Watanabe. 1998. Marine carbonate system observed in the western North Pacific and its adjacent marginal seas. Proceedings of the fourth International Scientific Symposium on the Role of Ocean Sciences for Sustainable Development UNESCO/IOC/WESTPAC. Okinawa, 2-7 February 1998, 61-70.

Tsunogai, S. and S. Watanabe. 1999. Role of the continental margins in the absorption of atmospheric CO2: Continental shelf pump. In: Nojiri, Y. (Ed.). Proceedings of the Second International Symposium on CO2 in the Oceans. Tsukuba, Japan, National Institute of Environmental Studies. 299-308.

Tsunogai, S., S. Watanabe and T. Sato. 1999. Is there a continental shelf pump for the absorption of CO2? Tellus 51B: 701-712.

Tsunogai, S. 1999. Carbonate system of the East China Sea: a continental shelf pump for the absorption of atmospheric CO2. Proceedings of an International Workshop on Sediment Transport and Storage in Coastal Sea Ocean System. Tsukuba, Japan, 15-19 March 1999, 18-23.

Tsunogai, S. 2000. The North Pacific water's larger potential sink capacity for anthropogenic CO2 and the process recovering it. p.533-560. In: N. Handa, E. Tanoue and T. Hama (Eds.). Dynamics and characterization of marine organic matter: Tokyo, Terra Scientific Publishing Company.

Tsunogai, S. 2000. Marine chemistry in Japan in the 20th century and its perspective as Earth science in the 21st century [in Japanese]. Chikyu Kagaku (Geochemistry) 34: 125-134.

Tsunogai, S. 2002. The western North Pacific playing a key role in the biogeochemical fluxes. Journal of Oceanography 58: 245-257.

Tsunogai, S. 2002. The North Pacific Ocean having a key role in the net absorption of atmospheric carbon dioxide. p.164-178. In: C.T.A. Chen (Ed.). Marine environment: the past, present and future: Kaohsiung, Taiwan, The Fuwen Press.

Tsunogai, S., K. Kawada, S. Watanabe and T. Aramaki. 2003. CFC indicating renewal of the Japan Sea deep water in winter 2000-2001. Journal of Oceanography: 685-693.

Tsunogai, S. 2003. Evaluation method of marine biological activity studied with natural radio isotopes [in Japanese]. Chikyu Kagaku (Geochemistry) 37: 157-164.

Tsunogai, S. 2003. The continental shelf pump. In: Chen, C.T.A. (Ed.). Advanced Workshop on South China Sea Regional Carbon Issues 15-29 Nov 2003. Chung-Li and Kaohsiung, Taiwan, 1-14.

Tsunogai, S. 2003. Introduction: geochemical cycles and global changes. Journal of Oceanography 59: 647-650.

Tsunogai, S., K. Iseki, M. Kusakabe and Y. Saito. 2003. Biogeochemical cycles in the East China Sea: MASFLEX Program. Deep-Sea Research II 50: 321-326.

Tsurushima, N., S. Watanabe and S. Tsunogai. 1995. Methane in the East China Sea. p.275-279. In: S. Tsunogai, K. Iseki, I. Koike and T. Oba (Eds.). Global fluxes of carbon and its related substances in the coastal sea-ocean atmosphere system: Yokohama, M and J International.

Tsurushima, N., S. Watanabe and S. Tsunogai. 1996. Methane in the East China Sea water. Journal of Oceanography 52: 221-233.

Tsurushima, N., S. Watanabe and S. Tsunogai. 1997. Methane in the western North Pacific and its adjacent seas. p.105-114. In: S. Tsunogai (Ed.). Biogeochemical processes in the North Pacific: Tokyo, Japan Marine Science Foundation.

Tsurushima, N., S. Watanabe and S. Tsunogai. 1999. Methane in the East China Sea water. p.141-146. In: D. Hu and S. Tsunogai (Eds.). Margin flux in the East China Sea: Beijing, China Ocean Press.

Tsurushima, N., S. Watanabe and S. Tsunogai. 1999. Determination of light hydrocarbons dissolved in seawater. Talanta 50: 577-583.

Turner, J.T., D.G. Borkman and C.D. Hunt. 2006. Zooplankton of Massachusetts Bay, USA, 1992-2003: relationships between the copepod Calanus finmarchicus and the North Atlantic Oscillation. Marine Ecology Progress Series 311: 115-124.

Twatwa, N., C.D. van der Lingen, L. Drapeau, C.L. Moloney and J.G. Field. 2005. Characterising and comparing the spawning habitats of anchovy Engraulis encrasicolus and sardine Sardinops sagax in the southern Benguela upwelling ecosystem. African Journal of Marine Science 27(2): 487-499.

Tynan, C.T., D.G. Ainley, J.A. Barth, T.J. Cowles, S.D. Pierce and L.B. Spear. 2005. Cetacean distributions relative to ocean processes in the northern California Current System. Deep-Sea Research II 52(1): 145-167.