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Aiken, J. 1999. Synoptic surveying of regional ecosystems. In: Alheit, J. and M. O'Toole (Eds.). International workshop on zoo-ichthyoplankton monitoring in the Benguela Current ecosystem off Namibia. Swakopmund, Namibia, 17-19 February 1999, Ministry of Fisheries and Marine Resources, Namibia.

Atkinson, A., P. Ward, A. Hill, A.S. Brierley and G.C. Cripps. 1999. Krill-copepod interactions at South Georgia, Antarctica, II. Euphausia superba as a major control on copepod abundance. Marine Ecology Progress Series 176: 63-79.

Bakun, A. and P. Cury. 1999. The "school trap": a mechanism promoting large-amplitude out-of-phase population oscillations of small pelagic fish species. Ecology Letters 2(6): 349-351.

Barange, M., I. Hampton and B.A. Roel. 1999. Trends in the abundance and distribution of anchovy and sardine on the South African continental shelf in the 1990s, deduced from acoustic surveys. South African Journal of Science 21: 367-391.

Batten, S.D., A.G. Hirst, J. Hunter and R.S. Lampitt. 1999. Mesozooplankton biomass in the Celtic Sea: a first approach to comparing and combining CPR and LHPR data. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 79(1): 179-181.

Beare, D.J. and E. McKenzie. 1999. Temporal patterns in the surface abundance of Calanus finmarchicus and C. helgolandicus in the northern North Sea (1958-1996) inferred from Continuous Plankton Recorder data. Marine Ecology Progress Series 190: 241-251.

Beare, D.J. and E. McKenzie. 1999. Connecting ecological and physical time-series: the potential role of changing seasonality. Marine Ecology Progress Series 178: 307-309.

Beare, D.J. and E. McKenzie. 1999. Continuous Plankton Recorder data and diel vertical migration in stage V and VI Calanus finmarchicus: a statistical analysis. Fisheries Oceanography 8(Supplement 1): 126-137.

Beare, D.J. and E. McKenzie. 1999. The multinomial logit model: a new tool for exploring Continuous Plankton Recorder data. Fisheries Oceanography 8(Supplement 1): 25-39.

Beaugrand, G. 1999. Le programme Continuous Plankton Recorder (CPR) et son application à l'étude des changements spatio-temporels de la biodiversité pélagique en Atlantique Nord et mer du Nord. Oceanis 25(3): 417-433.

Biegala, I. and R.P. Harris. 1999. Sources of seasonal variability in mesozooplankton ATCase activity in coastal waters off Plymouth, UK. Journal of Plankton Research 21: 2085-2103.

Biegala, I., R.P. Harris and J.P. Bergeron. 1999. ATCase (aspartate transcarbamylase) specific activity, nucleic acid and egg production in the copepod Calanus helgolandicus reared under controlled conditions. Marine Biology 135: 1-10.

Bower, J.R., Y. Nakamura, K. Mori, J. Yamamoto, Y. Isoda and Y. Sakurai. 1999. Distribution of Todarodes pacificus (Cephalopoda: Ommastrephidae) paralarvae near the Kuroshio off southern Kyushu, Japan. Marine Biology 135: 99-106.

Brodeur, R.D. and M. Terazaki. 1999. Springtime abundance of Chaetognaths in the shelf region of the northern Gulf of Alaska, with observations on the vertical distribution and feeding of Sagitta elegans. Fisheries Oceanography 8: 93-103.

Bucklin, A., M. Guarnieri, R.S. Hill, A.M. Bentley and S. Kaartvedt. 1999. Taxonomic and systematic assessment of planktonic copepods using mitochondrial COI sequence variation and competitive species-specific PCR. Hydrobiology 401: 239-254.

Chen, S., M.Y. Zhu, Y. Ma, R.X. Li, B.H. Li and R.H. Lu. 1999. Study of the effects of eutrophication on marine ecosystem by mesocosm experiments [In Chinese with English abstract]. Advances in Earth Science 14(6): 1-6.

Conway, D.V.P., S.H. Coombs, J.A. Lindley and C. Llewellyn. 1999. Diet of mackerel (Scomber scombrus) larvae at the shelf edge to the south-west of the British Isles and the incidence of piscivory and coprophagy. Vie Et Milieu 49(4): 213-220.

Cornillon, P.A. and M.J. Rochet. 1999. Modèle de mélange et analyse comparative des traits démographiques des poissons. Sciences De La Vie 322: 71-74.

Corten, A. 1999. The reappearance of spawning Atlantic herring (Clupea harengus) on Aberdeen Bank (North Sea) in 1983 and its relationship to environmental conditions. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 56: 2051-2061.

Corten, A. 1999. A proposed mechanism for the Bohuslän herring periods. ICES Journal of Marine Science 56: 207-220.

Corten, A. 1999. Evidence from plankton for multi-annual variations of Atlantic inflow in the northwestern North Sea. Journal of Sea Research 42(3): 191-205.

Crise, A., G. Crispi and C. Solidoro. 1999. Mediterranean Sea trophic characteristics interpreted through three-dimensional coupled ecohydrodynamical models. p.359-381. In: P. Malanotte-Rizzoli and V.N. Eremeev (Eds.). The eastern Mediterranean as a laboratory basin for the assessment of contrasting ecosystem: Kluwer.

Crise, A., J.I. Allen, J. Baretta, G. Crispi, R. Mosetti and C. Solidoro. 1999. The Mediterranean pelagic ecosystem response to physical forcing. Progress in Oceanography 44: 219-243.

Crispi, G., A. Crise and E. Mauri. 1999. A seasonal three-dimensional study of the nitrogen cycle in the Mediterranean Sea: Part II. Verification of the energy constrained trophic model. Journal of Marine Systems 20(1-4): 357-379.

Dale, T., S. Kaartvedt, B. Ellertsen and R. Amundsen 1999. Large scale distribution and population structure of Calanus finmarchicus in the Norwegian Sea during summer, in relation to physical environment, food, and predators. Dr. Scient., University of Oslo.

Dale, T., E. Bagien, W. Melle and S. Kaartvedt. 1999. Can predator avoidance explain varying overwintering depth of Calanus in different oceanic water masses? Marine Ecology Progress Series 179: 113-121.

Dale, T., F. Rey and B.R. Heimdal. 1999. Seasonal development of phytoplankton at a high latitude oceanic site. Sarsia 84(5-6): 419-435.

Edwards, M., A.W.G. John, H.G. Hunt and J.A. Lindley. 1999. Exceptional influx of oceanic species into the North Sea late 1997. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 79(4): 737-739.

Eguchi, N., H. Kawahata and A. Taira. 1999. Seasonal response of planktonic foraminifera to the ocean surface condition: Sediment trap results from the northcentral Pacific Ocean. Journal of Oceanography 55: 681-691.

Eiane, K., D.L. Aksnes, E. Bagien and S. Kaartvedt. 1999. Fish or jellies - a question of visibility. Limnology and Oceanography 44(5): 1352-1357.

Eiane, K., D.L. Aksnes, M.D. Ohman, S. Wood and M.B. Martinussen 1999. Stage specific mortality of Calanus spp. under different predation regimes. Dr. Scient., University of Bergen.

Fréon, P. 1999. Interactions between environment, pollution, fisheries and aquaculture and their impacts on society. In: Barthel, K.-G., M. Suranyi, H. Barth, M. Bohle-Carbonell, M. Cornaert, C. Fragakis, D. Leviel, E. Lipiatou, P. Martin, G. Ollier, P. Seifer, T. Tiainen and J. Verborgh (Eds.). Third European marine science and technology conference, Lisbon, 23-27 May 1998. European Commission. 227-241.

Frost, B.W. and M.J. Kishi. 1999. Ecosystem dynamics in the eastern and western gyres of the subarctic Pacific - a review of lower trophic level modelling. Progress in Oceanography 43: 317-333.

Gaard, E. 1999. The zooplankton community structure in relation to its biological and physical environment on the Faroe shelf, 1989-1997. Journal of Plankton Research 21(6): 1133-1152.

Gallego, A., J. Mardaljevic, M.R. Heath, D. Hainbucher and D. Slagstad. 1999. A model of the spring migration into the North Sea by Calanus finmarchicus overwintering off the Scottish continental shelf. Fisheries Oceanography 8(Supplement 1): 107-125.

Gao, K., Y. Ji and Y. Aruga. 1999. Relationship of the CO2 concentrations to photosynthesis of intertidal macroalgae during emersion. Hydrobiologia 399: 355-359.

Global Ocean Ecosystem Dynamics (GLOBEC). 1999. Global Ocean Ecosystem Dynamics implementation plan. IGBP Report 13. GLOBEC Report 13: 207pp.

Goyet, C., C. Coatanoan, G. Eischeid, T. Amaoka, K. Okuda and S. Tsunogai. 1999. Determination of anthropogenic CO2 in seawater based on mixing of water masses. In: Nojiri, Y. (Ed.). Proceedings of the 2nd International Symposium on CO2 in the Oceans. Tsukuba, Japan, National Institute of Environmental Studies. 309-313.

Goyet, C., C. Coatanoan, G. Eischeid, T. Amaoka, K. Okunda, R. Healy and S. Tsunogai. 1999. Spatial variation of total CO2 and total alkalinity in the northern Indian Ocean: A novel approach for the quantification of anthropogenic CO2 in seawater. Journal of Marine Research 57: 135-163.

Harimoto, T., J. Ishizaka and R. Tsuda. 1999. Latitudinal and vertical distributions of phytoplankton absorption spectra in the central North Pacific during spring 1994. Journal of Oceanography 55: 667-680.

Harms, I.H., J.O. Backhaus and D. Hainbucher. 1999. Modelling the seasonal variability of circulation and hydrography in the Iceland-Faeroe-Shetland overflow area. ICES Council Meeting Papers CM 1999/L:10.

Hayward, L.T., T.R. Baumgartner, D.M.J. Checkley, R. Durazo, G. Gaxiola-Castro, K.D. Hyrenbach, A.W. Mantyla, M.M. Mullin, T. Murphree, F.B. Schwing, P.E. Smith and M. Tegner. 1999. The state of the California Current in 1998-1999: Transition to cool-water conditions. CalCOFI Report 40: 29-62.

Head, E.J.H., L.R. Harris and B. Petrie. 1999. Distribution of Calanus spp. on and around the Nova Scotia shelf in April: evidence for an offshore source of Calanus finmarchicus to the central and western regions. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 56: 2463-2476.

Heath, M.R., J.O. Backhaus, K. Richardson, E. McKenzie, D. Slagstad, A. Gallego, H. Madden, J. Mardaljevic, D. Hainbucher, A. Schacht, S. Jonasdottir, D.J. Beare, J. Dunn and S. Hay. 1999. Climate fluctuations and the spring invasion of the North Sea by Calanus finmarchicus. Fisheries Oceanography 8(Supplement 1): 163-176.

Iguchi, N. and T. Ikeda. 1999. Production, metabolism and P:B ratio of Euphausia pacifica (Crustacea: Euphausiacea) in Toyama Bay, southern Japan Sea. Plankton Biology and Ecology 46: 68-74.

Ikeda, T. and N. Shigna. 1999. Production, metabolism and production/biomass (P/B) ratio of Themisto japonica (Crustacea: Amphipoda) in Toyama Bay, southern Japan Sea. Journal of Plankton Research 21: 299-308.

International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (ICES). 1999. Workshop on gadoid stocks of the North Sea during the 1960's and 1970's. The fourth backward-facing workshop. ICES Council Meeting Papers CM 1999/C:15: 89pp.

International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (ICES). 1999. Report of the workshop on ocean climate of the NW Atlantic during the 1960's and 70's and consequences for gadoid populations. ICES Cooperative Research Report 234: 81pp.

International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (ICES). 1999. Report of the working group on cod and climate change. ICES Council Meeting Papers CM 1999/C:10: 19pp.

International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (ICES). 1999. Report of the steering group for the ICES/GLOBEC North Atlantic regional office. ICES Council Meeting Papers CM 1999/C:12: 19pp.

International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (ICES). 1999. Report of the ICES/GLOBEC North Atlantic regional co-ordination group. ICES Council Meeting Papers CM 1999/C:1: 10pp.

Inui, T., K. Takeuchi and K. Hanawa. 1999. A numerical investigation of the subduction process in response to an abrupt intensification of the westerlies. Journal of Physical Oceanography 29(8): 1993-2015.

Ishigaki, T. and M. Terazaki. 1999. Binary fission patterns if heterotrophic nano-flagellates, Actinomonas mirabilis Kent and Cafeteria roenbergensis Fenchal and Patterson, observed with a CCD camera. La Mer 36: 85-90.

Kaeriyama, M. 1999. Hatchery programmes and stock management of salmonid populations in Japan. p.153-167. In: B.R. Howell, E. Moksness and T. Svansand (Eds.). Stock enhancement and sea ranching: London, Blackwell Science.

Kaeriyama, M. 1999. Biological interaction between wild and hatchery populations of Pacific salmon [in Japanese]. Genetics and Breeding of Fisheries 27: 33-44.

Kasai, A., T. Rippeth and J.H. Simpson. 1999. Density and flow structure in the Clyde Sea front. Continental Shelf Research 19: 1833-1848.

Kawahata, H., A. Suzuki and G. Goto. 1999. pCO2 spatial distribution in coral reefs of Majuro Atoll, Marshall Islands. Geochemical Journal 33.

Kawahata, H. 1999. Fluctuations in the ocean environment within the western Pacific warm pool during late pleistocene. Paleoceanography 14: 639-652.

Kawahata, H., K. Ohkushi and Y. Hatakeyama. 1999. Comparative late pleistocene paleoceanographic changes in the mid latiude boreal and austral western Pacific. Journal of Oceanography 55: 747-761.

Khatiwala, S.P., R.G. Fairbanks and R.W. Houghton. 1999. Freshwater sources to the coastal ocean off northeastern North America: evidence from H2180/H2160. Journal of Geophysical Research 104(C8): 18241-18255.

Kimura, S., K. Doos and A.C. Coward. 1999. Numerical simulation to resolve the downstream migration of the Japanese eel. Marine Ecology Progress Series 186: 303-306.

Kimura, S., H. Nakata, Y. Okazaki and T. Sugimoto. 1999. Biological production process associated with frontal disturbance of the Kuroshio and Kuroshio extension. Bulletin of Tohoku National Fisheries Research Institute 62: 207-213.

Kishi, M.J. and S. Fujio. 1999. Estimation of spawing area of Japanese eel Anguilla japonica, by numerical experiment [in Japanese with English abstract]. Umi No Kenkyu 8: 129-133.

Kobari, T., T. Aono and N. Shiga. 1999. Relationship between observed and estimated chlorophyll a concentrations from the secchi depth in the central subarctic Pacific. Bulletin of the Faculty of Fisheries, Hokkaido University 50: 171-174.

Kobari, T. and T. Ikeda. 1999. Vertical distribution, population structure and life cycle of Neocalanus cristatus (Crustacea: Copepoda) in the Oyashio region, with notes on its regional variations. Marine Biology 134: 683-696.

Kotori, M. 1999. Life cycle and growth rate of three chaetognath Parasgitta elegans in the North Pacific Ocean. Plankton Biology and Ecology 46(2): 153-158.

Lavaniegos, B.E. and M.D. Ohman. 1999. Hyperiid amphipods as indicators of climate change in the California Current. Crustaceans and the biodiversity crisis. Proceedings of the fourth International Crustaceans Congress. Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 489-509.

Lee, H.W., S. Ban, Y. Ando, T. Ota and T. Ikeda. 1999. Deleterious effect of diatom diets on egg production and hatching success in the marine copepod Pseudocalanus newmani. Plankton Biology and Ecology 46: 104-112.

Leising, A.W. and P.J.S. Frank. 1999. Larval cod (Gadus morhua) and haddock (Melanogrammus aeglefinus) growth of Georges Bank: a model with temperature, prey size and turbulence forcing. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 56(1): 25-36.

Lindeque, P., G. Smerdon and R.P. Harris. 1999. Simple molecular method to distinguish the identity of Calanus species (Copepoda: Calanoida) at any developmental stage. Marine Biology 133(1): 91-96.

Lindley, J.A., D.B. Robins and R. Williams. 1999. Dry weight carbon and nitrogen content of some euphausiids from the north Atlantic Ocean and the Celtic Sea. Journal of Plankton Research 21: 2053-2066.

Lindley, J.A. and F. Hernández. 1999. A previously undescribed Callianassid larva from the collections of the Natural Science Museum of Tenerife. Revista De La Academia Canaria De Las Ciençias 11: 105-111.

Lindley, J.A. and F. Hernández. 1999. The occurrence in waters around the Canary and Cape Verde Islands of Amphionides reynaudii, the sole species of the order Amphionidacea (Crustacea: Eucarida). Revista De La Academia Canaria De Las Ciençias 11(3-4): 113-119.

Lindley, J.A., P. Donkin, S.V. Evans, C.L. George and K.F. Uil. 1999. Effects of two organochlorine compounds on hatching and viability of calanoid copepod eggs. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 242: 59-74.

Mackas, D.M. and A. Tsuda. 1999. Mesozooplankton in the eastern and western subarctic Pacific: community structure, seasonal life histories, and interannual variability. Progress in Oceanography 43: 335-363.

Madden, H., D.J. Beare, M.R. Heath, J.G. Fraser and A. Gallego. 1999. The spring/early summer distribution of Calanus spp. in the northern North Sea and adjacent areas. Fisheries Oceanography 8(Supplement 1): 138-152.

Maita, Y., M. Yanada and K. Takahashi. 1999. Seasonal variation in the process of marine organism production based on downward fluxes of organic substances in the Bering Sea. p.341-352. In: T.R. Loughlin and K. Ohtani (Eds.). Dynamics of the Bering Sea: Alaska, University of Alaska Sea Grant, Fairbanks.

Marker, T. and P. Andreassen 1999. Latitudinal differences in population dynamics: mesocosm studies. Is the life strategy of Calanus finmarchicus environmental determined by light and temperature or genetically coupled to the specific population? MSc, Roskilde University, Denmark.

Marsh, R., B.D. Petrie, C.R. Weidman, R.R. Dickson, J.W. Loder, C.G. Hannah and K. Drinkwater. 1999. The 1882 tilefish kill: a cold event in shelf waters off the north-eastern United States? Fisheries Oceanography 8(1): 39-49.

Meyer-Harms, B., X. Irigoien, R.N. Head and R.P. Harris. 1999. Selective feeding on natural phytoplankton by Calanus finmarchicus before, during and after the 1997 spring bloom in the Norwegian Sea. Limnology and Oceanography 44(1): 154-165.

Mitsunaga, Y., W. Sakamoto, N. Arai and N. Kasai. 1999. Estimation of the metabolic rate of wild red sea bream in different water temperatures [in Japanese]. Nippon Suisan Gakkaishi 65(1): 48-54.

Nakamura, H. and T. Yamagata. 1999. Recent decadal SST variability in the northwestern Pacific and associated atmospheric anomalies. p.49-72. In: A. Navarra (Ed.). Beyond El Nino: decadal and interdecadal climate variability: Springer.

Nakayama, N., S. Wantanabe and S. Tsunogai. 1999. Difference in gas transfer velocities between O2 and CO2 observed in Funka Bay. In: Nojiri, Y. (Ed.). Proceedings of the Second International Symposium on CO2 in the Oceans. National Institute of Environmental Studies, Tsukuba, Japan, 131-134.

Nicholas, K.R. and C.L.J. Frid. 1999. Occurrence of hydromedusae in the plankton off Northumberland (western central North Sea) and the role of planktonic predators. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 79: 979-992.

Niehoff, B., U. Klenke, H.-J. Hirche, X. Irigoien, R.N. Head and R.P. Harris. 1999. A high frequency time series at Weathership M, Norwegian Sea, during the 1997 spring bloom: the reproductive biology of Calanus finmarchicus. Marine Ecology Progress Series 176: 81-92.

Noriki, S., S. Otosaka and S. Tsunogai. 1999. Particulate fluxes at Station KNOT in the western North Pacific during 1988-1991. In: Y.Nojiri (Ed.). Proceedings of the Second International Symposium on CO2 in the Oceans. National Institute of Environmental Studies, Tsukuba, Japan, Terra Scientific Publishin Company. 331-337.

Odate, T., N. Shiga, S. Saitoh, T. Miyoi and S. Takagi. 1999. Distribution of phytoplankton abundance and physical properties in the southeastern shelf of the Bering Sea in summer. Polar Bioscience 12: 1-12.

Ohkouchi, N., K. Kawamura, H. Kawahata and H. Okada. 1999. Depth ranges of alkenone production in the Central Pacific Ocean. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 13: 695-704.

Okazaki, Y., H. Nakata and S. Kimura. 1999. Spatial differences in abundance and food availability of anchovy larvae in the Kuroshio Extension region. Proceedings of the International Marine Science Symposium on Ecosystem Dynamics of the Kuroshio-Oyashio Transition Region. Mutsu and Hakodate, 25-28 August 1998, 231-237.

Oshima, Y., M.J. Kishi and T. Sugimoto. 1999. Evaluation of the nutrient budget in a seagrass bed. Ecological Modelling 115: 19-34.

Ozaki, K. and T. Ikeda. 1999. Vertical distribution, population structure and life cycle of the mesopelagic copepod Paraeuchaeta elongata off Cape Esan, southwestern Hokkaido, Japan. Plankton Biology and Ecology 46: 48-53.

Page, F.H., M. Sinclar, C.E. Naimie, J.W. Loder, R.J. Losier, P.L. Berrien and R.G. Lough. 1999. Cod and haddock spawning on Georges Bank in relation to water residence times. Fisheries Oceanography 8(3): 212-226.

Perry, R.I., P.A. Thompson, D.L. Mackas, P.J. Harrison and D.R. Yelland. 1999. Stable carbon isotopes as pelagic food web tracers in adjacent shelf and slope regions off British Columbia, Canada. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 56: 2477-2486.

Planes, S., E. Macpherson, F. Biagi, A. Garcia-Rubies, J. Harmelin, M. Harmelin-Vivien, J.-Y. Jouvenel, L. Tunesi, L. Vigliola and R. Gazlin. 1999. Spatio-temporal variability in growth of juvenile sparid fishes from the Mediterranean littoral zone. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 79: 137-143.

Reid, P.C. 1999. The North Sea Ecosystem: status report. p.476-489. In: H. Kumpf, K. Steidinger and K. Sherman (Eds.). The Gulf of Mexico large marine ecosystem: Blackwell Science.

Reid, P.C. 1999. The SAHFOS Continuous Plankton Recorder survey. GOOS News 8: 4.

Reid, P.C. 1999. What are the principles for managing ocean ecosystems? p.93-102. In: E. Maltby, M. Holdgate, M. Acreman and A.G. Weir (Eds.). Ecosystem management: questions for science and society: Egham, UK, Royal Holloway Institute for Environmental Research, Royal Holloway, University of London.

Reiss, C.S., I.A. McLaren and P.A. Avendaño. 1999. Utility of storage lipid volumes in inferring recent trophic history of copepods. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 56: 2444-2449.

Rey, C., F. Carlotti, B.H. Hygum and K.S. Tande. 1999. Egg and faecal pellet productions of Calanus finmarchicus females from controlled mesocosm and in situ populations: influence of age and different life histories. Marine Ecology Progress Series 188: 133-148.

Robinson, C.K.L. and D.M. Ware. 1999. Simulated and observed response of the southwest Vancouver Island pelagic ecosystem to oceanic conditions in the 1990s. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 56: 2433-2443.

Rothschild, B.J., P.J. Haley and D. Cai. 1999. Influence of physical forcing on microclouds of dissolved organic matter and nutrients in the ocean. Journal of Plankton Research 21: 1217-1741.

Salam, M.A., Y. Ota, H. Ando, M. Fukuwaka, M. Kaeriyama and A. Urano. 1999. High population density of juvenile chum salmon decreased the number and sizes of growth hormone cells in the pituary. Zoological Science 16: 945-954.

Schwartzlose, R.A., J. Alheit, A. Bakun, T.R. Baumgartner, R. Cloete, R.J.M. Crawford, W.J. Fletcher, Y. Green-Ruiz, E. Hagen, T. Kawasaki, D. Lluch-Belda, S.E. Lluch-Cota, A.D. MacCall, Y. Matsuura, M.O. Nevarez-Martinez, R.H. Parrish, C. Roy, R. Serra, K.V. Shust, M.N. Ward and J.Z. Zuzunaga. 1999. Worldwide large-scale fluctuations of sardine and anchovy populations. South African Journal of Marine Science 21: 289-347.

Shannon, L.J. and A. Jarre-Teichmann. 1999. A model of trophic flows in the northern Benguela upwelling system during the 1980s. South African Journal of Marine Science 21: 349-366.

Shin, K.H., S. Noriki, S. Tsunogai and T. Hama. 1999. Biogeochemistry of organic carbon in the subarctic ocean wth special reference to fatty acid biomarkers. In: Y.Nojiri (Ed.). Proceedings of the Second International Symposium on CO2 in the Oceans. National Institute of Environmental Studies, Tsukuba, Japan, 351-354.

Shin, Y.J. and P. Cury. 1999. OSMOSE: A multispecies individual-based model to explore the functional role of biodiversity in marine ecosystems. p.593-607. Ecosystem approaches for fisheries management: Fairbanks, Alaska, University of Alaska Sea Grant.

Shinada, A., N. Shiga and S. Ban. 1999. Structure and magnitude of diatom spring bloom in Funka Bay, southwestern Hokkaido, Japan, as influenced by the intrusion of coastal Oyashio water. Plankton Biology and Ecology 46: 24-29.

Shinada, A., N. Shiga and S. Ban. 1999. Origin of Thalassiosira diatoms that cause the spring phytoplankton bloom in Funka Bay, southwestern Hokkaido, Japan. Plankton Biology and Ecology 46: 89-93.

Sparks, T.H. and P.C. Reid. 1999. Marine plankton. p.68-69. In: M.G.R. Cannell, J.P. Palutikof and T.H. Sparks (Eds.). Indicators of climate change in the UK: Department of the Environment, Transport and the Regions.

Sun, W.X. 1999. Circulation and front induced by tide in the Yellow Sea. p.163-197. In: G.H. Hong and J. Zhang (Eds.). Biogeochemical processes in the Bohai and Yellow Sea: Seoul, China, The Dongjin Publication Association.

Suzuki, A., I. Saito and H. Kawahata. 1999. Temperature-skeletal d18O relationship of Porites australiensis from Isigaki Islands, the Ryukyus, Japan. Geochemical Journal 33: 419-428.

Suzuki, A. and H. HKawahata. 1999. Partial pressure of carbon dioxide in coral reef lagoon waters: comparative study of atolls and barrier reefs in the Indo-Pacific Oceans. Journal of Oceanography 55: 731-745.

Svendsen, C. and K.S. Tande. 1999. Sex change and female dimorphism in Calanus finmarchicus (Gunnerus). Marine Ecology Progress Series 176: 93-102.

Takahashi, K. 1999. The Okhotsk andBering Seas: critical marginal seas for the land-ocean linkage. In: Saito, Y., K. Ikehara and H. Katayama (Eds.). Proceedings of an International Workshop on Sediment Transport and Storage in Coastal Sea Ocean System. Tukuba, Japan, STA(JISTEC) and Geological Survey of Japan.

Takahashi, K. 1999. Paleoceanographic changes and present environment of the Bering Sea. In: T.R. Loughlin and K. Ohtani (Eds.). Dynamics of the Bering Sea: Fairbanks, Alaska, University of Alaska Sea Grant.

Taniguchi, A. 1999. Differences in the structure of the lower trophic levels of pelagic ecosystems in the eastern and western subarctic Pacific. Progress in Oceanography 43: 285-319.

Terazaki, M. 1999. The Sea of Japan large marine ecosystem. p.199-220. In: R.K. Sherman and Q. Tang (Eds.). Large marine ecosystems of the Pacific Rim: Blackwell Science.

Terazaki, M. 1999. Mass occurrence of bathypelagic chaetognath Eukrohnia fowleri from the Arabian Sea and Bay of Bengal. Indian Journal of Marine Science 28: 163-168.

Thomas, A. 1999. Seasonal distribution of satellite-measured phytoplankton pigment concentration along the Chilean coast. Journal of Geophysical Research 104C: 25877-25890.

Tomita, M., T. Ikeda and N. Shiga. 1999. Production of Oikopleura longicauda (Tunicata: Appendicularia) in Toyama Bay, southern Japan Sea. Journal of Plankton Research 21: 2421-2430.

Tsuda, A., H. Saito and H. Kasai. 1999. Life histories of Neocalanus flemingeri and Neocalanus plumchrus (Calanoida: Copepoda) in the western subarctic Pacific. Marine Biology 135: 533-544.

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