The CLIOTOP programme will continue under IMBER. This second phase of CLIOTOP will put more emphasis on developing scenarios of the evolution of oceanic ecosystems under anthropogenic and natural forcings in the XXI century in support of international governance. This will necessitate to bridge the gaps between climate, ocean physics, biogeochemistry, ecosystems, predators, fisheries, markets, governance and to establish links with other related programmes, in particular in the IMBER framework.